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Understanding Wine Labels(Supplement)
American Viticultural Areas
Listed below (in Italics) are 208 separate American Viticultural Areas approved by the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) as of October, 2013, as well as some that are proposed and pending.
A listing may be linked to an association, organization, or marketing group which represents that particular AVA or political region. The TTB web site maintains a list of Appellations of Origin.

= Newly Approved AVA. Federal Regulations define the boundaries and characteristics of each area. All official (and proposed) AVAs are listed within tables and are Italicized; Geographic Regions and Political Boundaries are not. AVAs which overlap county or state boundaries are indicated by notation within the brackets immediately following the defined AVA.

California accounts for nearly half of all US wineries (3,579/7,632, as of Oct 2013), more than 90% of the country's total production, and also contains the majority of winegrowing appellations. These are listed in the left page column following a general geographic order from North to South, down the coast, then inland, grouped by general region (no official status), then by County. All the other states' AVAs are listed in the right page column, alphabetically by state, along with a winery count1 (as of Oct 2013).

Within each table, individual AVA names are listed in the left column, followed by date approved to the right. Where known, the total acres included2 appears at the far right. Note that some emerging wine producing states have not yet established any AVAs; many of these use grapes grown in other states or even ferment other fruits (still classified as wine). For additional information, please see Related Links at the bottom of the page.

California (114 separate unique/shared) 3579 wineries
(Far Northern Coast Region) (2 unique + *1 shared)

HUMBOLDT COUNTY (*1 shared) 26 wineries
Willow Creek (*Trinity)
Sep, 1983
7,582

SHASTA COUNTY (1 shared proposed)
Manton Valley (*Tehama)
(proposed)
(unknown)

SISKIYOU COUNTY (1 unique) 2 wineries
Seiad Valley
June, 1994
2,203

TEHAMA COUNTY (1 shared proposed) 7 wineries
Manton Valley (*Shasta)
(proposed)
(unknown)

TRINITY COUNTY (1 unique + *1 shared) 2 wineries
Trinity Lakes
Feb, 2005
96,000
Willow Creek (*Humboldt)
Sep, 1983
7,582

North Coast (47 unique, 2 proposed + 4 shared)
AVA
DATE
ACRES
North Coast (*Napa, Sonoma, Mendocino, Lake, Marin, Solano)  
Oct, 1983
3,240,108

MENDOCINO COUNTY (10 unique, 1 shared) 98 wineries
AVA
DATE
ACRES
Anderson Valley
Sep, 1983
58,532
Cole Ranch (smallest AVA)
May, 1983
189
Covelo
Feb, 2006
(unknown)
Dos Rios
Nov, 2005
15,500
McDowell Valley
Feb, 1987
2,225
Mendocino
July, 1984
327,430
Mendocino Ridge
Dec, 1997
87,466
Pine Mtn-Cloverdale Pk (*Sonoma)
Nov, 2011
4,600
Potter Valley
Nov, 1983
28,805
Redwood Valley
Feb, 1997
32,046
Yorkville Highlands
June, 1998
40,000

LAKE COUNTY (7 unique) 36 wineries
Benmore Valley
Nov, 1991
1,440
"new".Big Valley District
Oct, 2013
11,000
Clear Lake
June, 1984
217,328
Guenoc Valley
Dec, 1981
4,395
High Valley
Aug, 2005
14,000
"new".Kelsey Bench
Oct, 2013
9,100
Red Hills-California
Aug, 2004
31,250

SONOMA COUNTY (13 unique, 2 proposed + *3 shared) 516 wineries
AVA
DATE
ACRES
Alexander Valley
June, 1988
32,536
Bennett Valley
Dec, 2003
8,140
Chalk Hill
June, 1988
22,921
Dry Creek Valley
Sep, 1983
78,387
Fountaingrove District (proposed)  (unknown)
Fort Ross-Seaview Dec, 2011 27,500
Green Valley of Russian River Vly
Dec, 1983 /
Apr, 2007
19,010
Knights Valley
Nov, 1983
37,083
Los Carneros (*Napa)
Sep, 1987
37,061
Pine Mtn-Cloverdale Pk (*Mendocino )
 Nov, 2011
4,600
"new".Moon Mountain
Oct, 2013
17,633
Northern Sonoma
Sep, 1986
349,837
Petaluma Gap  (proposed)
 (unknown)
Rockpile
Apr, 2002
15,400
Russian River Valley
Nov, 1983
126,600
Sonoma Coast (*Marin)
July, 1987
516,409
Sonoma Mountain
Feb, 1985
5,757
Sonoma Valley
Jan, 1982
115,109

NAPA COUNTY (15 unique + *2 shared) 694 wineries
Atlas Peak
Feb, 1992
12,267
Calistoga
Jan, 2010
~=13,000
Chiles Valley
Apr, 1999
6,000
Coombsville
Dec, 2011
11,075
Diamond Mountain
July, 2001
5,000
Howell Mountain
Jan, 1984
13.061
Los Carneros (*Sonoma)
Sep, 1987
37,061
Mt. Veeder
Mar, 1990
16,851
Napa Valley
Jan, 1981
225,280
Oak Knoll District
Apr, 2004
8,300
Oakville
Aug, 1983
6,768
Rutherford
Aug, 1983
6,650
St. Helena
Oct, 1995
9,257
Spring Mountain District
June, 1993
8,467
Stags Leap District
Feb, 1989
3,042
Wild Horse Valley (*Solano)
Dec, 1988
3,941
Yountville
May, 1999
8,260

MARIN COUNTY (*1 shared) 15 wineries
Sonoma Coast (*Sonoma)
July, 1987
516,409

SOLANO COUNTY (2 unique + *1 shared) 26 wineries
Solano County Green Valley
Jan, 1983
17,009
Suisun Valley
Dec, 1982
19,131
Wild Horse Valley (*Napa)
Dec, 1988
3,941

TOP

(Central Coast Region) (29 unique, 12 proposed + *2 shared)

AVA
DATE
ACRES
Central Coast (*Alameda, Contra Costa, Monterey, San Benito, San Francisco, San Luis Obispo, San Mateo, Santa Barbara, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz)
Nov, 1985
5,463,269
San Francisco Bay (*Alameda, Contra Costa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara)
Mar, 1999
 1,566,713

ALAMEDA COUNTY (1 unique) 59 wineries
Livermore Valley
Oct, 1982
82,329

CONTRA COSTA COUNTY (1 proposed) 11 wineries
Lamorinda
(proposed)
(unknown)

SAN FRANCISCO COUNTY (none) 5 wineries

SAN MATEO COUNTY (none) 14 wineries

SANTA CLARA COUNTY (3 unique) 45 wineries
Pacheco Pass
Apr, 1984
2,702
Santa Clara Valley
Apr, 1989
317,342
San Ysidro District
Dec, 1990
2,539

SANTA CRUZ COUNTY (2 unique) 47 wineries
AVA
DATE
ACRES
Ben Lomond Mountain
Jan, 1988
38,400
Santa Cruz Mountains
Jan, 1982
408,467

MONTEREY COUNTY (9 unique) 76 wineries
Arroyo Seco
May, 1983
32,779
Carmel Valley
Jan, 1983
17,831
Chalone
July, 1982
8,671
Hames Valley
Apr, 1994
12,297
Monterey
July, 1984
597,624
San Antonio Valley  June, 2006 150,400
San Bernabe  Aug, 2004 24,796
San Lucas
 Mar, 1987
35,362
Santa Lucia Highlands
 June, 1992
20,708

SAN BENITO COUNTY (5 unique) 10 wineries
AVA
DATE
ACRES
Cienega Valley
Sep, 1982
7,080
Lime Kiln Valley
July, 1982
2,297
Mount Harlan
Dec, 1990
7,778
Paicines
Sep. 1982
18,881
San Benito
Nov, 1987
46,634

SAN LUIS OBISPO COUNTY (4 unique, 11 proposed) 208 wineries
Arroyo Grande Valley
Feb, 1990
38,916
Edna Valley
June, 1987
28,858
Paso Robles
Nov, 1983
612,000
Adelaida District
(proposed)
 (unknown)
Creston Cistrict
(proposed)
 (unknown)
El Pomar District
(proposed)
 (unknown)
Paso Robles Estrella District
(proposed)
 (unknown)
Paso Robles Geneseo District
(proposed)
 (unknown)
Paso Robles Highlands District
(proposed)
 (unknown)
San Juan Creek
(proposed)
 (unknown)
San Miguel District
(proposed)
 (unknown)
Santa Margarita District
(proposed)
 (unknown)
Paso Robles Willow Creek District
(proposed)
 (unknown)
Templeton Gap District
(proposed)
 (unknown)
York Mountain
Feb, 1987
6,349

SANTA BARBARA COUNTY (5 unique, 2 proposed) 159 wineries
"new".Ballard Canyon Oct, 2013 7,800
Happy Canyon
Oct, 2009
23,941
Los Olivos (proposed)  (unknown)
Santa Maria Bench  (proposed)
3,200
Santa Maria Valley
Sep, 1981
97,480
3Sta. Rita Hills
May, 2001
30,720
Santa Ynez Valley
May, 1983
181,603

VENTURA COUNTY (none) 3 wineries

(Southern Region) (*1 shared + 8 unique, 1 proposed)

South Coast (*Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego)
Dec, 1985
2,141,514

LOS ANGELES COUNTY (4 unique, 1 proposed) 4 wineries
Leona Valley
Oct, 2008
8,600
Malibu-Newton Canyon
June, 1996
957
Malibu Coast
(proposed)
 (unknown)
Saddle Rock-Malibu
July, 2006
2,100
Sierra Pelona Valley
July, 2010
6,208

RIVERSIDE & SAN BERNARDINO COUNTIES (2 unique) 48 wineries
Cucamonga Valley
May, 1995
109,400
Temecula
Feb, 1986
90,249

SAN DIEGO COUNTY (2 unique) 16 wineries
Ramona Valley
Jan, 2006
 89,000
San Pasqual Valley
Sep, 1981
9,205

(Inland, Delta & Foothills Regions) (9 unique + 2 shared, 1 proposed)

AVA
DATE
ACRES
Sierra Foothills (*Yuba, Nevada, Placer, El Dorado, Amador, Calaveras, Tuolumne, Mariposa)
Dec, 1987
2,654,179

EL DORADO COUNTY (2 unique + *1 shared) 64 wineries
California Shenandoah Valley (*Amador)
Feb, 1987
13,652
El Dorado
Nov, 1983
410,115
Fair Play
Apr, 2001
21,120

AMADOR COUNTY (1 unique + *1 shared) 50 wineries
California Shenandoah Valley (*El Dorado)
Feb, 1987
13,652
Fiddletown
Nov, 1983
12,069

CALAVERAS COUNTY (none) 28 wineries

YUBA COUNTY (1 unique) 5 wineries
North Yuba
Aug, 1985
20,994

YOLO COUNTY (4 unique) 26 wineries
Capay Valley
Apr, 2003
102,400
Clarksburg
Feb, 1984
68,101
Dunnigan Hills
June, 1993
69,354
Merritt Island
Feb, 1987
5,264

(San Joaquin-North Central Valley Region) (11 unique + 1 shared)

SACRAMENTO COUNTY (1 unique + *2 shared) 4 wineries
Manton Valley (*Shasta)
(proposed)
(unknown)
AVA
DATE
ACRES
Borden Ranch (*San Joaquin) July, 2006 70,000
Lodi (*San Joaquin)
Mar, 1986
445,320
Sloughhouse
July, 2006
78,800

SAN JOAQUIN COUNTY (7 unique + *2 shared) 75 wineries
Alta Mesa
July, 2006
55,400
Borden Ranch (*Sacramento)
July, 2006
70,000
Clements Hills
July, 2006
85,400
Cosumnes River
July, 2006
54,700
Jahant
July, 2006
28,000

Lodi (*Sacramento)

Mar, 1986
445,320
Mokelumne River
July, 2006
87,500
River Junction
July, 2001
1,300
Tracy Hills
July, 2006
39,200

STANISLAUS COUNTY (2 unique) 2 wineries
Diablo Grande Aug, 1998 30,000
Salado Creek Aug, 2004 2,940

TUOLOME COUNTY (none) 3 wineries

(South Central Valley Region) (1 unique + 1 proposed)

FRESNO COUNTY (1 unique proposed) 7 wineries
Squaw Valley-Miramonte
(proposed)
(unknown)

KERN COUNTY (none) 5 wineries

MADERA COUNTY (1 unique) 18 wineries
Madera
Jan, 1985
457,591

TULARE COUNTY (none) 14 wineries

 

Arizona (1 unique) 57 wineries
AVA
DATE
ACRES
Sonoita
Nov, 1984
208,000

Arkansas (2 unique + *1 shared) 11 wineries
Altus
June, 1984
12800
Arkansas Mountain
Oct, 1986
2,880,000
Ozark Mountain (*MO & OK)
Aug, 1986
3.520.000

Colorado (2 unique) 96 wineries
Grand Valley
Dec, 2001
32,000
West Elks
May, 2001
48,000

Connecticut (1 unique + *1 shared) 38 wineries
AVA
DATE
ACRES
Southeastern New England (*RI & MA) 
Apr, 1984
1,875,200
Western Connecticut Highlands
Mar, 1988
1,004,550

Delaware (none) 3 wineries

Florida (none) 57 wineries

Georgia (*1 shared proposed) 37 wineries
Upper Hiwassee Highlands (*NC)
(proposed)
 (unknown)

Hawaii (none) 9 wineries

Idaho (1 unique, 1 proposed) 43 wineries
Snake River Valley Mar, 2007 5,270,000

Willow Creek Idaho

(proposed)
(unknown)

Illinois (1 unique + 1 *shared) 103 wineries
Shawnee Hills
Dec, 2006
1,368,960
Upper Mississippi River Valley (*IO, MN & WN - largest AVA)
June, 2009
19,145,000

Indiana  (1 unique ± *shared until - - after 2015 - - , when Indiana Wineries will no longer be permitted to use "Ohio River Valley on their labels) 62 wineries
Indiana Uplands
Mar, 2013
3,072,000
Ohio River Valley (*KY, OH & WV)
Nov, 1983
2,236,800

Iowa (1 *shared) 81 wineries
Upper Mississippi River Valley (*IL, MN & WN - largest AVA)
June, 2009
19,145,000

Kansas (none) 22 wineries

Kentucky (1 *shared; after 2015, Indiana Wineries must use "Indiana Uplands" in place of "Ohio River Valley" on their labels) 48 wineries

Ohio River Valley (*IN, OH & WV)
Nov, 1983
2,236,800

Louisiana (1 *shared) 7 wineries
Mississippi Delta (*MS & TN)
Oct, 1984
3,840,000

Maine (none) 18 wineries

Maryland (2 unique + *1 shared) 51 wineries
Catoctin
Feb, 1987
170,000
Cumberland Valley (*PA)
Aug, 1985
765,000
Linganore
Sep, 1983
57,600

Massachusetts (1 unique + *1 shared) 41 wineries
AVA
DATE
ACRES
Martha's Vineyard
Feb, 1985
64,000
Southeastern New England (*RI & CT)
Apr, 1984
1,875,200

TOP

Michigan (4 unique) 131 wineries
Fennville
Oct, 1981
75,000
Lake Michigan Shore
Nov, 1983
1,280,000
Leelanau Peninsula
Apr, 1982
211,200
Old Mission Peninsula
July, 1987
19,200

Minnesota (1 unique + *1 shared) 46 wineries
Alexandria Lakes
Aug, 2005
10,880
Upper Mississippi River Valley (*IL, IO & WN - largest AVA)
June, 2009
19,145,000

Mississippi (*1 shared) 2 wineries
Mississippi Delta (*LA & TN)
Oct, 1984
3,840,000

Missouri (3 unique + *1 shared) 125 wineries
Augusta (First AVA approved)
Jun, 1980
9,600
Hermann
Feb, 1987
51,200
Ozark Mountain (*OK & AR)
Aug, 1986
3,520,000
Ozark Highlands
Sep, 1984
1,280,000

Nevada (none) 3 wineries

New Hampshire (none) 23 wineries

New Jersey (2 unique + *1 shared) 49 wineries
AVA
DATE
ACRES
Central Delaware Valley (*PA)
Feb, 1987
96,000
Outer Coastal Plain
Apr, 2007
2,250,000
Warren Hills
Sep, 1988
144,640

New Mexico (2 unique + *1 shared) 38 wineries
Mesilla Valley (*TX)
Mar, 1985
284,800
Middle Rio Grande Valley
Mar, 1988
278,400
Mimbres Valley
Dec, 1985
636,800

New York (8 unique, 1 proposed + *1 shared) 310 wineries #3 in U.S.A. production by volume
Cayuga Lake
Apr, 1986
460
Champlain Valley of New York (proposed) (unknown)
Finger Lakes
Feb, 1987
8,400
Hudson River Region
July, 1982
224,000
Lake Erie (*PA & OH)
Nov, 1983
2,236,800
Long Island
July, 2001
749,146
Niagara Escarpment
Oct, 2005
18,000
North Fork of Long Island
Nov, 1986
101,440
Seneca Lake
Sep, 2003
204,600
The Hamptons, Long Island
June, 1985
136,448

North Carolina (3 unique + 1 shared proposed) 129 wineries
AVA
DATE
ACRES
Mar, 2009
555,508
Swan Creek
Apr, 2008
(unknown)
Yadkin Valley
Feb, 2003
1,231,000
Upper Hiwassee Highlands (*GA)
(proposed)
(unknown)

North Dakota (none) 7 wineries

Ohio (3 unique + *3 shared; after 2015, Indiana Wineries must use "Indiana Highlands" in place of "Ohio River Valley" on their labels) 142 wineries
Grand River Valley
Nov, 1983
125,000
Isle St. George
Sep, 1982
640
Kanawha River Valley (*WV)
May, 1986
64,000
Lake Erie (*NY & PA)
Nov, 1983
2,236,800
Loramie Creek
Dec, 1982
3,600
Ohio River Valley (*IN, KY & WV)
Nov, 1983
2,236,800

TOP

Oklahoma (*1 unique proposed + 1 shared) 59 wineries
AVA
DATE
ACRES
Ozark Mountain (*MO & AR)
Aug, 1986
3,520,000

Oregon (13 unique, 1 proposed + *3 shared, 1 proposed); 544 wineries#4 in U.S.A. prod. by volume
Applegate Valley
Dec, 2001
400
Columbia Gorge (*WA) May, 2004  179,200
Columbia Valley (*WA)
Feb, 1987
1,152,000
Lewis-Clarke Valley (*WA) (proposed)  (unknown)
Red Hill Douglas County
Oct, 2005
5,500
Rogue Valley
Feb, 1991
2,688,000
Southern Oregon
Dec, 2004
2,001,430
The Rocks of Milton-Freewater
(proposed)
 (unknown)
Umpqua Valley
Apr, 1984
  768,000
Walla Walla Valley (*WA)
 Feb, 1987
 178,560

 WILLAMETTE VALLEY (7 unique sub-AVAs)
.
AVA
DATE
ACRES
Chehalem Mountains
Jan, 2007
(1,600)
Dundee Hills
Jan, 2005
 6,490
Eola-Amity Hills
Jul, 2006
38,000
McMinnville
Mar, 2005
40,450
Ribbon Ridge
Jul, 2005
3,350
Willamette Valley
Jan, 1984
3,300,000
Yamhill-Carlton District
Feb, 2005
 8,500

Pennsylvania (2 unique + *3 shared) 166 wineries
Central Delaware Valley (*NJ)
Feb, 1987
96,000
Cumberland Valley (*MD)
 May, 2001
 765,000
Lake Erie (*NY & OH)
 Nov, 1983
 2,236,800
Lancaster Valley
 Jun, 1982
225,000
Lehigh Valley
 Apr, 2008
 1,208,320

Rhode Island (*1 shared) 8 wineries
Southeastern New England (*MA & CT)
Apr, 1984
1,875,200

South Dakota (none) 15 wineries

Tennessee (*1 shared) 41 wineries
Mississippi Delta (*MS & LA)
Oct, 1984
3,840,000

Texas (7 unique + *1 shared) 204 wineries
AVA
DATE
ACRES
Bell Mountain
Nov, 1986
3,200
Escondido Valley
June, 1992
32,000
Fredericksburg in the Texas Hill Country
Jan, 1989
70,400
Mesilla Valley (*NM)
Mar, 1985
284,800
Texoma
Jan, 2006
2,300,000
Texas Davis Mountains
May, 1998
270,000
Texas High Plains
Apr, 1993
2,000
Texas Hill Country
Dec, 1991
9,600,000

TOP

Utah (none) 3 wineries

Vermont (none) 20 wineries

Virginia (6 unique + *1 shared) 222 wineries
Middleburg
Sep, 2012
121,600
Monticello
Feb, 1984
200,000
North Fork of Roanoke
Feb, 1987
 (14,000)
Northern Neck
George Washington Birthplace
May, 1987
590,080
Rocky Knob
Feb, 1987
9,000
Shenandoah Valley (*WV)
Feb, 1987
2,400,000
Virginia's Eastern Shore
Feb, 1991
436,480

Washington (9 unique, 1 proposed + *3 shared, 1 proposed); 670 wineries#2 overall in U.S.A. production by volume
Ancient Lakes of Columbia Vly (proposed) 162,700
Columbia Gorge (*OR) May, 2004 179,200
Columbia Valley (*OR)
Feb, 1987
1,152,000
Horse Heaven Hills
Aug, 2005
570,000
Lake Chelan
Apr, 2009
 24,040
Lewis-Clarke Valley (*OR) (proposed) (unknown)
Naches Heights Jan, 2012 (unknown)
Puget Sound
Oct, 1995
5,536,000
Rattlesnake Hills Mar, 2006
 68,500
Red Mountain
June, 2001
4,040
Snipes Mountain
Jan, 2009
4,140
Wahluke Slope
Jan, 2006
 81,000
Walla Walla Valley (*OR)
Feb, 1987
178,560
Yakima Valley
Oct, 1995
665,600

West Virginia (*3 shared; after 2015, Indiana Wineries must use "Indiana Highlands" in place of "Ohio River Valley" on their labels) 14 wineries
Ohio River Valley (*IN, KY & OH)
Feb, 1987
16,640,000
Kanawha River Valley (*OH)
May, 1986
64,000
Shenandoah Valley (*VA)
Feb, 1987
2,400,000

Wisconsin (1 unique + *1 shared) 57 wineries
Lake Wisconsin
Feb, 1994
28,000
Upper Mississippi River Valley (*IL, IO & MN - largest AVA)
June, 2009
19,145,000

Wyoming (none) 2 wineries

TOP

eMail jimlamar(AT)winepros.org to suggest any sites which provide knowledge or information
related to any AVA listed here.

(FaceBook pages or other promotional "fronts" for
online merchants or sellers are not acceptable.)

 


NOTES
1 - Winery counts were sourced from Wines & Vines, Appellation America and various winery and vineyard organization sites in December, 2013. It should be understood that any counts that include small, high-risk businesses are volatile and may be highly changable month-to-month. They are listed simply to indicate the scope of wine production within the counties or states. Further note that totaling all of the separate counts by California County falls far short of the 3,579 statewide tally. RETURN

2 - Because the reference sources used disagree widely and acreage figures are often merely estimates rather than actual surveyed measurements, they should not be relied upon. Acres planted is a substantially smaller number in the great majority of cases. Please verify and cross-reference if you are using this information for any purpose other than entertainment. RETURN

3 - When this AVA was pending approval, the Chilean brand "Santa Rita" won a trademark infringement suit against the Santa Rita Hills AVA, forcing this American area to evermore be legally identified by the abbreviated name only... RETURN

RELATED LINKS
Appellation America, formerly available by paid subscription only, as of June 1, 2013, freely provides over 25,000 pages of comprehensive information promoting and celebrating the uniqueness of each AVA, including histories, winery contact info, varietal performance characteristics, etc.

The Wine Institute offers some online pages to answer "what, where, how and why" questions about American Viticultural Areas and provide more detailed information regarding the effects on labeling regulations and restrictions.

Vestra offers a wide selection of detailed full color glossy unframed maps of West Coast AVAs.


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Page created June 10, 2001; updated December 10, 2013
Except as noted, all content, including design, text and images, is property of the site owner.
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All rights reserved under the DMCA of 1998. © by Jim LaMar.